On February 7, 2020, the California Attorney General released its revised draft implementing regulations for the California Consumer Privacy Act. The revised regulations are not yet final. The California AG will accept written comments regarding the updated regulations until 5:00 pm (PST) on Tuesday, February 25, 2020.
The following is a high-level overview of the key new requirements under the updated regulations that are important for businesses to consider in connection with their CCPA compliance efforts.
The revised regulations include the following noteworthy CCPA definition updates:
- Examples of “categories of sources” and “categories of third parties” have been included and these definitions have been updated to clarify that the categories of sources and categories of third parties must be described with enough particularity to provide consumers with a meaningful understanding of the type of person / entity / third party.
- Clarity has been added to the definition of “household” to specify that household means individual(s) who i) live at the same address, ii) share a common device or service provided by the business, and iii) are identified by the business as sharing an account/unique identifier.
Under the revised regulations, a service provider’s use of personal information has been expanded such that it would be acceptable (i.e., not a “sale”) for a service provider to use personal information to build or improve the quality of the service provider’s services, provided that such use does not include building or modifying household or consumer profiles, or cleaning or augmenting data acquired from another source. In addition, under the revised regulations, service providers in receipt of requests to know or requests to delete directly from consumers are no longer required to instruct those consumers to submit their requests to the business, and instead are permitted to respond directly to consumers.
Obligations related to “selling” personal information
The revised regulations include the following updates with respect to the “sale” of personal information:
- Businesses have 15 business days to comply with a consumer’s exercise of the right to opt-out.
- The requirement that businesses notify third parties to whom they sold consumers’ personal information within 90 days is removed. Instead, if a business sells personal information to a third party after the consumer submitted his or her request, but before the business has complied with such request, the business must notify those third parties of the consumer’s exercise of the right to opt-out and direct those third parties not to sell the personal information.
- The updated regulations state that the opt-out process for consumers should be intuitive and require minimal steps for consumers to opt-out. Further, the opt-out process should require consumers affirmatively select their choice to opt-out and shall not be designed with any pre-selected settings.
- The placeholder in the previous version of the regulations for an example “do not sell” button has been updated to include the following optional opt-out buttons:
- Requests to know. The revised regulations clarify circumstances when a business does not have to search for information in response to a request to know, namely: if the business does not maintain the personal information in a searchable format, maintains it only for legal and compliance purposes, does not sell the information or use it for any commercial purpose, and describes in its response to the consumer the categories of information it maintains that it did not search for because the aforementioned conditions were met.
- Requests to delete. Under the revised regulations, a business would no longer need to i) specify the manner in which it deleted the personal information, or ii) treat an unverified request to delete as an exercise of the right to opt-out (instead, businesses must ask the consumer if they would like to opt out of the sale of the personal information).
- Minors. Under the revised regulations, businesses have to establish a documented procedure for determining whether a person submitting a request to know or request to delete the personal information of a child under the age of 13 is the parent or guardian of the child.
- Submitting requests. The previous requirement that businesses operating a website must provide an interactive webform for submitting requests to know has been eliminated. The revised regulations also state that businesses that operate exclusively online only need to maintain an email address for requests; however, the regulations still lack clarity on how businesses determine whether they “operate exclusively online.”
- Timing. The revise regulations clarify that businesses have 10 business days to confirm receipt of a request to know or request to delete, and 45 calendar days to respond.
- Generally. Previous notice-at-collection obligations required disclosure of the business or commercial purposes of use for each category of personal information. The “for each category” reference has been removed such that it appears sufficient to list the business or commercial purposes for using all of the categories of personal information, not each one individually.
- Phone / In-person notices. The updates to the regulations provide that when a business collects personal information over the telephone or in person, it may provide the notice orally.
- Disabilities. Under the revised regulations, accessibility to notices for individuals with disabilities will be governed by generally recognized industry standards, such as the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines.
The revised regulations require privacy policies to provide instructions on how a consumer can designate an authorized agent to make a CCPA request on the consumer’s behalf.
A link to a redlined version of the revised regulations (updated February 10, 2020) is available here. We will continue to monitor updates to the draft implementing regulations and how these updates impact businesses and their CCPA compliance efforts. For more information, please contact any of the authors listed below.