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Theo Ling

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On June 12, 2020, the government of Quebec introduced Bill 64, An Act to modernize legislative provisions as regards the protection of personal information. The Bill proposes to modernize the existing framework applicable to the protection of personal information by amending various public, and private sector Quebec laws, to align closer with the requirements under the federal Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) and the European General Data Protection Regulation. The Act respecting…

On March 25, 2020, Ontario enacted significant amendments to the Personal Health Information Protection Act (PHIPA). The changes create a more robust enforcement mechanisms and increased regulation of the use of electronic health records. Some amendments took effect immediately upon enactment, while others will come into force on a day to be proclaimed by the Lieutenant Governor. Notable changes to PHIPA that took effect immediately upon enactment include: a new enforcement regime allowances for the…

IntroductionThe integration of high technology software and sophisticated systems in automobile design has produced cars that have become complex computers teeming with billions of data. Built-in sensors, Internet-connected dashboards, video content-sharing capabilities, and infotainment platforms have made these smart cars hyper-efficient data collecting machines. While this development presents exciting opportunities, it is critical to have a robust strategy to address the associated risks.1. Designed with Data Security in MindAutomakers will need to consider privacy and data…

On June 7, 2017, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (formerly known as Industry Canada) announced that on June 2, 2017, the Government of Canada, through an Order in Council, repealed the July 1, 2017 implementation of the private right of action under Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation (“CASL”).The private right of action, had it come into force on July 1st, would have allowed private lawsuits (including class actions) to be filed against individuals and organizations for…

New, innovative, and exciting technologies emerge every day, and we constantly hear about how these new technologies are going to disrupt particular sectors of the economy. Disruptive innovation is becoming commonplace and businesses are scrambling to evolve and adapt to the new environment.Yet another vital economic sector is under pressure to adopt new technologies in order to remain relevant and competitive. According to a report published by the McKinsey Global Institute earlier this year, technological…

The health care sector continues to be increasingly driven by technology and electronic environments. Electronic health records (“EHR”) have, in many clinical settings, replaced traditional paper charts. Clinical information systems are consolidating years of patient data, and advances in medical technologies are generating new types of data and data sets that never before existed. The development of health information technology (“HIT”) has led to an unprecedented increase in the volume of health care data. As…